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Create Floor Plans with Visual Building

This is an introduction to the creation of floor plans. This article will give you hints and tips on how to achieve the perfect result in the simplest and fastest way within a few minutes.
The following steps describes creation of floor plans manually. Alternatively, you can of course use the project wizard to create the basic structure of your building right through to the roof in 4 easy steps, then start adding interior walls to complete your plans.
All views in Visual Building come from the internal 3D model, no matter if 2D floor plan, 2D sections or elevation views. Even if you do not need a 3D view, it still exists. And the good thing is, it all happens automatically whether you need it or not.

Create Floor Plan - Preparation of the floor plan

Create a new project by clicking on the New button.
The software automatically creates a structural basis of a building project, creating a new, empty 2D view and a first floor named Ground Floor.
Within each floor, a new layer named Floor Plan is created.
You can get started straight away with a few general points to avoid unnecessary input or later issues.
Tips and Advice on Floors:
- In Visual Building walls are always as high as the rough height of the floor. Rough height is from upper edge of the ceiling below to the upper edge of your current floor ceiling.
So first change this height in our floor properties dialogue in the project viewer on the right side of the software.
All existing walls and all new ones adjust their height automatically. Standard level is 2.8 m
- Individual wall height; as just mentioned, it is rarely necessary to give walls an individual height. That would be e.g. only required if you have a lower partition in a room, or e.g. a counter in the kitchen, which is mounted on a wall.
- All plans are automatically printed to scale. This scale is a property of the respective 2D view and can be changed at any time. This allows you to print plans in different scales from one 2D view.
 

Create Floor Plan - Using 2D Guidelines

TIP: although the software has various numerical input and construction aids, the use of 2D guidelines for marking construction points, including floor plans, is common practice in CAD / architecture programs.
We mention this because it is not necessarily obvious to beginners to create an auxiliary drawing before the real construction. While this may sound like duplicate or useless work, you will quickly see the benefits of this way of working and save a lot of time.

Create Floor Plan - Tips for inserting walls

  • In general, walls that run in the same direction and have the same wall thickness and other properties should be inserted as one section. Avoid splitting up these walls into separate sections, unless essential. Instead, use the lengthen / shorten wall functions on our EDIT ribbon if needed.
    o While inserting elements in Visual Building, you can use the shortcut combination CTRL + W to change the reference point of axes the element is being placed on.
    o  For walls this means that the three available axes - center, outside and inside toggle under your cursor, so you automatically work with the correct reference side.
    o To draw an exactly vertical or horizontal line, e.g. walls, dimensions, etc., you can also keep the CTRL key pressed and activate the angle grid. The angle grid prevents you from making any inaccurate movements with the mouse, but only allows changing direction at an adjustable angle. Standard is 15 degrees.

Create new project
New Building - Floor plan
Create Floor Plan - Set floor height

Create Floor Plan - Start with the exterior walls

First insert two guidelines in the middle of your plan. One vertical and one horizontal.
Tip: shortcut for horizontal guideline is <H>, vertical guideline <G>
Start the input tool for a parallel numerical guideline (via the button or with the <P> key), move the mouse over one of the existing guidelines.
A recognized line or edge is highlighted in red. Click on it and move the mouse in the direction in which the new numeric guideline should be placed.
In our example, that would be about half the length of the building and half of the width. Here it does not depend on the absolute accuracy. The target is only to place the building more or less in the middle of the 3D scene.
Restart the parallel guideline, select the two outer guidelines you have just entered, and then choose the distance to the outside dimensions of the building. Depending on the shape of the building, with a few clicks you have marked the outer dimensions and can now enter the exterior walls.
Start the wall input tool for the wall type, click once with the left mouse button on one of the intersection points of the guidelines. This determines the starting point of the wall.
Click with the right mouse button and open the Properties dialog of the wall. Adjust the wall thickness, the layer structure and, if necessary, the 2D representation of the wall. In this case that happens even before the walls have been inserted and avoids later changes.
Close the dialog with OK and change the reference side of the wall with CTRL + W. As soon as the correct side of the wall is under your cursor, drag the wall to the next intersection point of the guidelines and insert the wall with another left mouse click.
Now follow your previously drawn building contour in the same way.

The following video shows these first steps. The video uses callouts,  (textual information) no music, and no other audio information.



Create Floor Plan - 2D Guidelines
Create Floor Plan - Marked center position
Create Floor Plan - Building Contour
Create Floor Plan - Wall cursor

Create Floor Plan - Draw your interior walls

Again, we use the numerical parallel 2D guideline, which you simply start with the P key or via the button on our 2D & Layout Ribbon.
Depending on how your plan looks like or your existing floor plan has been dimensioned, you can now set the correct distances with just two mouse clicks and then trace them with the interior walls.
Move the mouse over one of the inner edges of the outer wall, click and move then in the appropriate direction. Click once and enter the distance. You can now draw the interior wall first and then use one of these new edges as a reference for the next guideline.
The working principle is always the same. Pick an existing edge, either from a guideline or an existing wall, and set the numerical distance with another guideline to enter the next element.
The following video shows these first steps. The video uses callouts, (textual information) no music, and no other audio information.



Create Floor Plan - Interior walls

Create Floor Plan - Create and label rooms

The good news is, rooms are automatically created in Visual Building whenever walls form a closed contour.
This process always takes place when you work on walls, enter new ones, move existing ones or lengthen / shorten them.
Labelling rooms therefore only makes sense when you have finished the floor plan, otherwise you will do unnecessary work.
For the labelling of rooms, click on the floor and open the properties dialog with a double-click or via the context menu.
Insert a name for your room, set the font size and, if necessary, select one of the automatic area calculations.
You can also transfer the text style and calculation with "Transfer properties" from the context menu to all other rooms in the floor plan.

Finished.

See other building plan options in Visual Building or go back to the main page.
Create Floor Plan - Create Rooms

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